The iron industry of the Weald

by Henry Cleere

Publisher: Merton Priory Press in [Leicester]

Written in English
Published: Pages: 425 Downloads: 558
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Subjects:

  • Iron industry and trade -- England -- Weald of Kent -- History.,
  • Industrial archaeology -- England -- Weald of Kent.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references.

StatementHenry Cleere and David Crossley, with contributions by Bernard Worssam and members of the Wealden Iron Research Group.
ContributionsCrossley, David W., Worssam, B. C., Hodgkinson, Jeremy.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsHD9521.7.W4 C5 1995
The Physical Object
Paginationxiv, 425 p.:
Number of Pages425
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16910247M
ISBN 101898937044
OCLC/WorldCa60225422

For example, of the three forms of iron (wrought iron, steel, and soft), the forms which were exported were of the wrought iron (containing a small percentage of uniformly distributed slag material) and steel (carbonised iron) categories, as pure iron is too soft to function like . Buy The Iron Industry of the Weald, Oxfam, Henry Cleere and David Crossley, , , Books, History. Cookies on oxfam We use cookies to ensure that you have the best experience on our website. If you continue browsing, we’ll assume that you are happy to receive all our cookies. Book has brown boards with gilt lettering. Ultimately, the iron industry faced severe and finally insurmountable obstacles. The close of the Civil War brought an end to government orders, however the Sharon Valley Iron Company continued to produce iron for railroad car wheels. Iron for wheels alone was not enough and furnaces began to close, including the ironworks in Sharon Valley in With the Iron Age came the first use of the Weald as an industrial area. Wealden sandstones contain ironstone, and with the additional presence of large amounts of timber for making charcoal for fuel, the area was the centre of the Wealden iron industry from then, through the Roman times, until the last forge was closed in

‘Hammer’ ponds are not natural lakes but dammed streams and rivers, crucial to the Tudor and Stuart iron industry that was established within the High Weald of Kent and Sussex, and adjacent parts of Surrey and Hampshire. The Weald was a major iron-producing region long before the Romans arrived, due to its abundant clay ironstone deposits. Historical evidence for iron-working in the western part of the Weald is referred to. For the first time an estimate is made of the total production of ore from a worked ironstone bed in the Weald Clay. It is concluded that exhaustion of iron ore supplies was a factor in the decline of the iron industry in the western part of the walkingshops.com by: 4. A new process of making iron, using a blast furnace and a forge, both powered by water, was introduced into the Weald in the s, and spread to other parts of England and Wales from the s. This book provides a history of every ironworks of the charcoal blast furnace period, except the Weald. Weald, the (wēld), area between the North Downs and the South Downs, SE England, forming part of the counties of East Sussex, West Sussex, Surrey, and walkingshops.comly forested and once noted for its iron industry, the Weald is now largely agricultural.

Iron pyrites, or fool's gold, cannot be used to make iron because of its high sulphur content which makes the iron too brittle. Although the early iron industry used "bog ore" to obtain iron, ironstone is the most common iron ore and it is extracted from open cast (surface) sites in England, from the River Humber to the River Severn. Jan 19,  · The Paperback of the Agriculture and Industry in South-Eastern Roman Britain by David Bird at Barnes & Noble. FREE Shipping on $35 or more! The development of iron production in the Roman Weald Ian Scott: Ironwork and its production Publish your book with B&walkingshops.com: Historical Books about the Weald of Kent, Surrey and Sussex.

The iron industry of the Weald by Henry Cleere Download PDF EPUB FB2

The Wealden iron industry was located in the Weald of south-eastern walkingshops.com was formerly an important industry, producing a large proportion of the bar iron made in England in the 16th century and most British cannon until about Ironmaking in the Weald used ironstone from various clay beds, and was fuelled by charcoal made from trees in the heavily wooded landscape.

The most important book on the iron industry of the Kent and Sussex Weald. Although an updated version is due it still contains a huge amount of information about the subject from its 'iron age' beginnings through to the post medieval period.5/5.

Ashdown Forest formed an important part of the Wealden iron industry that operated from pre-Roman times until the early 18th century. The industry reached its peak in the two periods when the Weald was the main iron-producing region of Britain, namely in the first years of the Roman occupation (1st to 3rd centuries AD) and during Tudor and early Stuart times.

Note: Citations are based on reference standards. However, formatting rules can vary widely between applications and fields of interest or study. The specific requirements or preferences of your reviewing publisher, classroom teacher, institution or organization should be applied.

The Wealden Iron Research Group (WIRG) was founded in to focus and initiate research into the extinct iron industry of the Sussex, Kent and Surrey Weald.

In this website you can find out about its activities, discoveries and publications, and how to become a member.

ADVENTURE IN IRON by Brian G. AwtyPublished Continue reading "". The Iron Industry of the Weald Hardcover – Import, by David Cleere, Henry; Crossley (Author) See all 2 formats and editions Hide other formats and editions.

Author: David Cleere, Henry; Crossley. Oct 09,  · Buy The Iron Industry of the Weald 2nd Revised edition by Henry Cleere, D.W. Crossley, Jeremy Hodgkinson (ISBN: ) from Amazon's Book Store.

Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders.4/5(1). Evidence of the early iron industry; from pre-Roman, Romano-British, Anglo-Saxon to early medieval periods has been found in the High Weald. You could see the remains of charcoal hearths, iron ore mining, ore roasting hearths, furnaces, production waste and pond bays used to power later furnaces.

Drawing on a wealth of local evidence, this book explores the archaeology and history of an area whose iron industry was of international importance. Available from The History Press ISBN 9 – Price £ The Iron Industry of the Weald by Henry Cleere and David Crossley (2nd ed.

Oct 14,  · An introduction to how iron was produced in the Weald. In this landscape exist all the necessary raw materials that allowed iron to be smelted for over 2, years.

A great introduction to the iron industry of the Weald of Kent and Sussex from an authority on the subject. From the start of the iron exploration and use in the early Iron Age through to the great industry of the post medieval period it is a clear and concise chronology of the subject and an enjoyable read.5/5.

Dec 15,  · In the 16th century a booming iron industry in the forest of the Weald of Surry, Kent, and Sussex provided cannon for Henry VIII's growing navy, as well as household goods and other products. Jul 14,  · The Wealden Iron Industry [Hodgkinson] on walkingshops.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

For two periods of British history - the first part of the Roman occupation and the Tudor and early Stuart periods - the Weald of south-east England was the most productive iron-producing region in the country. Looking across the tranquil Wealden countrysidePrice: $ The Iron Industry of the Weald.

Book Description Leicester University Press, Condition: Fair. This is an ex-library book and may have the usual library/used-book markings walkingshops.com book has hardback covers. With usual stamps and markings, In fair condition, suitable as a study copy. Please note the Image in this listing is a stock 5/5(1).

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THE IRON INDUSTRY OF THE WEALD. by CLEERE, HENRY AND DAVID CROSSLEY. and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at walkingshops.com Dec 15,  · So I just posted a fresh podcast on the Iron industry in the Weald of Kent in the 16th century.

It’s an area I’m interested in, as I explain in the podcast, because one of the things that I really find most fascinating about the 16th century is the movement from an agrarian medieval society to one that is heading towards becoming modern. WEALDEN IRON INDUSTRY Iron was smelted, forged and cast in the Weald for about 2, years, although obviously its importance fluctuated.

The peak periods seem to have been during Roman and Tudor times. We have patchy knowledge of the Saxon period.

Possibly during the Middle Ages the Black Death affected the workings. Welcome to the Wealden Iron Research Group Facebook Page. The Wealden Iron Research Group (WIRG) was founded to focus and initiate research into the extinct iron industry of the Sussex, Kent and Surrey Weald, and aims to foster interest in this subject, to work with other groups and institutions having allied aims and, above all, to publish its walkingshops.comers: The early iron industry the weald sussex england.

WEALDEN IRON INDUSTRY. In his historical book "Full Fathom Five" about an expedition organized to recover the buried wrecks of the "invincible" Armada off the coast of England, Colin Martin (3) indicates that the cast iron cannons, shot and anchors of the Spanish fleet were inferior to those.

Iron production in the middle ages. We know little about iron making in the Weald in Saxon times, and the industry receives only one mention in the Domesday Book for Sussex, at a location near East Grinstead.

However, during the Middle Ages iron production grew steadily, concentrated more in the northern part of the Weald. " This Historical Geography of the Wealden Iron Industry ^j^t^baatL Appropriate beginning for the series, as it gives the results of a course of steady, quiet research into this interesting phenomenon of the past life of our country, and helps to bring out the bearing of the old industry on the life of the district in subsequent generations.

Dec 14,  · Home Featured The Iron Industry of the Weald, December The Iron Industry of the Weald, December [email protected] December 14, March 8, Featured. Iron Industry of the Weald from its rise to its decline, and the greater part of that which we are about to relate is drawn from their able articles upon the subject.

* Eead at the Annual Meeting of the Kent Archaeological Society at Eden-bridge, July 25th,Archaeologia Cantiana Vol. 21 The Wealden iron industry was located in the Weald of south-eastern England. It was formerly an important industry, producing a large proportion of the bar iron made in England in the 16th century and most British cannon until about Ironmaking in the Weald used ironstone from various clay.

The Iron Industry of the Weald Hardcover – Oct 1 by Henry Cleere (Author), David Crossley (Author) See all 2 formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. Amazon Price New from Used from Hardcover "Please retry" — Author: Henry Cleere, David Crossley.

Welcome to the Wealden Iron Research Group Facebook Page. The Wealden Iron Research Group (WIRG) was founded to focus and initiate research into the extinct iron industry of the Sussex, Kent and Surrey Weald, and aims to foster interest in this subject, to work with other groups and institutions having allied aims and, above all, to publish its researches.

They lie, as shown in Fig. 1, between the central part of the Weald, where clay ironstone from the Wadhurst Clay was the principal ore used in the Wealden iron industry (Sweeting, ; ), and the western Weald, where clay ironstone from the upper part of the Weald Clay was used in an isolated group of furnaces (Worssam, a).Cited by: 6.

Iron was one of the most basic requirements of the rapidly industrializing British economy, and the country certainly had plenty of raw materials. However, inthe iron industry was not efficient and most iron was imported into Britain.

Byafter technical developments, the. We know little about iron making in the Weald in Saxon times, and the industry receives only one mention in the Domesday Book for Sussex, at a location near East Grinstead. However, during the Middle Ages iron production grew steadily, concentrated more in the northern part of the Weald.

Jul 13,  · 'The Roman iron industry of the Weald and its connexions with the Classis Britannica,' The Archaeological Journal, jump to content.

my subreddits. edit subscriptions. [Book] Esoteric Buddhism in Mediaeval Maritime Asia: Networks of Masters, Texts, Icons by Andrea Acri.Jul 14,  · For a time the economy of the whole area was dominated by the production of iron and its raw materials, providing employment, generating prosperity and shaping the landscape irrevocably.

Drawing on a wealth of local evidence, this book explores the archaeology and history of an area whose iron industry was of international walkingshops.com Edition: UK Ed.Get print book.

No eBook available. G. Bell and Sons, Limited, - Iron industry and trade - pages. 0 Reviews. From inside the book. What people are saying - Write a slag Slaugham Slinfold Stane Street Surrey Thursley Tilgate Tillingham Tonbridge Tudeley Upper Forge Wadhurst Warbleton Waterdowne Weald Clay Wealden Iron Industry.